Warning: mysql_real_escape_string(): No such file or directory in /homepages/10/d385742499/htdocs/nofrackingfrance/wp-content/plugins/easy-contact-forms/easy-contact-forms-database.php on line 152

Warning: mysql_real_escape_string(): A link to the server could not be established in /homepages/10/d385742499/htdocs/nofrackingfrance/wp-content/plugins/easy-contact-forms/easy-contact-forms-database.php on line 152

Warning: mysql_real_escape_string(): No such file or directory in /homepages/10/d385742499/htdocs/nofrackingfrance/wp-content/plugins/statpress-community-formerly-statcomm/statcomm.php on line 1037

Warning: mysql_real_escape_string(): A link to the server could not be established in /homepages/10/d385742499/htdocs/nofrackingfrance/wp-content/plugins/statpress-community-formerly-statcomm/statcomm.php on line 1037

Warning: mysql_real_escape_string(): No such file or directory in /homepages/10/d385742499/htdocs/nofrackingfrance/wp-content/plugins/statpress-community-formerly-statcomm/statcomm.php on line 1038

Warning: mysql_real_escape_string(): A link to the server could not be established in /homepages/10/d385742499/htdocs/nofrackingfrance/wp-content/plugins/statpress-community-formerly-statcomm/statcomm.php on line 1038

Warning: mysql_real_escape_string(): No such file or directory in /homepages/10/d385742499/htdocs/nofrackingfrance/wp-content/plugins/statpress-community-formerly-statcomm/statcomm.php on line 1039

Warning: mysql_real_escape_string(): A link to the server could not be established in /homepages/10/d385742499/htdocs/nofrackingfrance/wp-content/plugins/statpress-community-formerly-statcomm/statcomm.php on line 1039

Warning: mysql_real_escape_string(): No such file or directory in /homepages/10/d385742499/htdocs/nofrackingfrance/wp-content/plugins/statpress-community-formerly-statcomm/statcomm.php on line 1040

Warning: mysql_real_escape_string(): A link to the server could not be established in /homepages/10/d385742499/htdocs/nofrackingfrance/wp-content/plugins/statpress-community-formerly-statcomm/statcomm.php on line 1040

Warning: mysql_real_escape_string(): No such file or directory in /homepages/10/d385742499/htdocs/nofrackingfrance/wp-content/plugins/statpress-community-formerly-statcomm/statcomm.php on line 1042

Warning: mysql_real_escape_string(): A link to the server could not be established in /homepages/10/d385742499/htdocs/nofrackingfrance/wp-content/plugins/statpress-community-formerly-statcomm/statcomm.php on line 1042

Warning: mysql_real_escape_string(): No such file or directory in /homepages/10/d385742499/htdocs/nofrackingfrance/wp-content/plugins/statpress-community-formerly-statcomm/statcomm.php on line 1043

Warning: mysql_real_escape_string(): A link to the server could not be established in /homepages/10/d385742499/htdocs/nofrackingfrance/wp-content/plugins/statpress-community-formerly-statcomm/statcomm.php on line 1043
RAPPORTS 2011 | NO FRACKING FRANCE

RAPPORTS 2011

th744YQA7F

Water pollution risk associated with natural gas extraction from the Marcellus Shale

Risk Analysis: An International Journal

28 December 2011 (ePub; printed August 2012)
Rozell DJ, Reaven SJ.
Using probability bounds analysis, this study assessed the likelihood of water contamination from natural gas extraction in the Marcellus Shale. Probability bounds analysis is well suited when data are sparse and parameters highly uncertain. The study model identified five pathways of water contamination: transportation spills, well casing leaks, leaks through fractured rock, drilling site discharge, and wastewater disposal. Probability boxes were generated for each pathway. The potential contamination risk and epistemic uncertainty associated with hydraulic fracturing wastewater disposal was several orders of magnitude larger than the other pathways.
Peer Reviewed

Rapid expansion of natural gas development poses a threat to surface waters

Frontiers in Ecology & the Environment

06 Oct 2011
Sally Entrekin, Michelle Evans-White, Brent Johnson, and Elisabeth Hagenbuch

This paper discusses some of the risks to surface water from natural gas development.

Peer Reviewed

Natural Gas Operations from a Public Health Perspective

Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal

20 Sep 2011
Theo Colborn, Carol Kwiatkowski, Kim Schultz & Mary Bachran

The technology to recover natural gas depends on undisclosed types and amounts of toxic chemicals. A list of 944 products containing 632 chemicals used during natural gas operations was compiled. Literature searches were conducted to determine potential health effects of the 353 chemicals identified by Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) numbers.

Peer Reviewed

An Exploratory Study of Air Quality near Natural Gas Operations

Human and Ecological Risk Assessment

20 Sep 2011
Theo Colborn, Kim Schultz, Lucille Herrick, and Carol Kwiatkowski
This study assessed air quality in western Colorado using weekly air samples taken before, during, and after drilling and hydraulic fracturing of a new natural gas well pad throughout the period of a year. The data showed numerous chemicals in the air associated with natural gas operations, most notably methane, ethane, propane, and other alkanes. Highest concentrations of non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHCs) were observed during the initial drilling phase. A literature search of the health effects of the NMHCs found that many had multiple health effects, including thirty that affected the endocrine system. The toxic solvent methylene chloride, which is not reported in drilling products, was detected 73% of the time, several times in high concentrations. The study concluded that the human and environmental impacts of NMHCs should be studied further given the close proximity of natural gas operations to the public.
Peer Reviewed

Should Fracking Stop? Extracting gas from shale increases the availability of this resource, but the health and environmental risks may be too high.

Nature

15 Sep 2011
Robert W. Howarth, Anthony Ingraffea & Terry Engelder

Point and counterpoint commentary provided by Howarth, Ingraffea, & Engelder on natural gas extraction of shale formations in Nature.

Peer Reviewed

Chemical and physical characterization of produced waters from conventional and unconventional fossil fuel resources

Chemosphere

September 2011
Alley B, A Beebeb, J Rodgers Jr., JW Castleb
Characterization of produced waters (PWs) from unconventional gas and conventional oil.
Partagez cet article sur vos réseaux sociaux !

Laisser un commentaire

Votre adresse de messagerie ne sera pas publiée. Les champs obligatoires sont indiqués avec *

Vous pouvez utiliser ces balises et attributs HTML : <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>