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RAPPORTS 2013 | NO FRACKING FRANCE

RAPPORTS 2013

 

Estrogen and Androgen Receptor Activities of Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals and Surface and Ground Water in a Drilling-Dense Region

Endocrinology

16 Dec 2013
Christopher D. Kassotis, Donald E. Tillitt, J. Wade Davis, Annette M. Hormann, Susan C. Nagel.

This study collected, solid-phase extracted, and measured water samples in Colorado for estrogen and androgen receptor activities using reporter gene assays in human cell lines.

Peer Reviewed

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of Electricity Generation Technologies: Overview, Comparability and Limitations

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

Dec 2013
Turconi, Roberto, Alessio Boldrin, and Thomas Astrup
This study presents a review of 167 case studies involving the life cycle assessment (LCA) of electricity generation based on hard coal, lignite, natural gas, oil, nuclear, biomass, hydroelectric, solar photovoltaic (PV) and wind to identify ranges of emission data for GHG, NOx and SO2.
Peer Reviewed

Anthropogenic emissions of methane in the United States

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

25 Nov 2013
Scot M. Miller, Steven C. Wofsy, Anna M. Michalak, Eric A. Kort, Arlyn E. Andrews, Sebastien C. Biraud, Edward J. Dlugokencky, Janusz Eluszkiewicz, Marc L. Fischer, Greet Janssens-Maenhout, Ben R. Miller, John B. Miller, Stephen A. Montzka, Thomas Nehrkor

Successful regulation of greenhouse gas emissions requires knowledge of current methane emission sources. Existing state regulations in California and Massachusetts require ∼15% greenhouse gas emissions reductions from current levels by 2020. However, government estimates for total US methane emissions may be biased by 50%, and estimates of individual source sectors are even more uncertain. This study uses atmospheric methane observations to reduce this level of uncertainty. We find greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture and fossil fuel extraction and processing (i.e., oil and/or natural gas) are likely a factor of two or greater than cited in existing studies. Effective national and state greenhouse gas reduction strategies may be difficult to develop without appropriate estimates of methane emissions from these source sectors.

Open Access
Peer Reviewed

Time Series EROI for Canadian Oil and Gas

Energies

15 Nov 2013
Alexandre Poisson and Charles A. S. Hall *

Study presents a calculation of the energy return on investment (EROI) of Canadian unconventional and conventional oil and gas and find a 63% increase in energy investment in the O&G sector overall over the last two decades. This increase in energy invested has increased energy production just 18%. EROI for the sector and for tar sands alone are estimated at 11.1 and 4.1 respectively.

Open Access
Peer Reviewed

Measurements of methane emissions at natural gas production sites in the United States

PNAS

29 OCT 2013
David T. Allen, Vincent M. Torres, James Thomas, David W. Sullivan, Matthew Harrison, Al Hendler, Scott C. Herndon, Charles E. Kolb, Matthew P. Fraser, A. Daniel Hill, Brian K. Lamb, Jennifer Miskimins, Robert F. Sawyer, and John H. Seinfeld

This work reports direct measurements of methane emissions at 190 onshore natural gas sites in the United States.

Peer Reviewed

The Importance of Public Health Agency Independence: Marcellus Shale Gas Drilling in Pennsylvania

American Journal of Public Health, 2013

20 Oct 2013
Bernard D. Goldstein, MD

This policy brief discusses the importance of public health agency independence and points to the lack of involvement of the Pennsylvania Department of Health in responding to health concerns about shale gas drilling.

Open Access
Peer Reviewed

The implications of unconventional drilling for natural gas: a global public health concern

Public Health

11 Oct 2013
Finkel, M.L. and J. Hays

This commentary explores the need for research to quantify the potential risks to the environment and to human health from unconventional natural gas development in both the short-term and long-term.

Peer Reviewed

Impacts of Shale Gas Wastewater Disposal on Water Quality in Western Pennsylvania

Environmental Science & Technology

02 Oct 2013
Warner NR, CA, Christie, RB Jackson, A Vengosh
This study examined the water quality and isotopic compositions of discharged effluents, surface waters, and stream sediments associated with a treatment facility site in western Pennsylvania.
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