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Ce nouveau rapport "New report", Health & Fracking: the impacts & opportunity costs, confond les lacunes associées au procédé de fracturation hydraulique et conclut à risques significatifs pour l'environnement et la santé des populations riveraines des sites d'explorations de gaz de schiste.
- Potential health hazards associated with air pollution and water contamination: these include toxins that are linked to increased risks of cancer, birth defects and lung disease;
- Negative health impacts associated with noise, traffic, spoilage of the natural environment, and local social and economic disruption.
- The indirect effects of climate change produced by greenhouse gas emissions.
Dr David McCoy, Director of Medact said:
“Today, Medact, alongside a wider group of health professionals, has called for a moratorium on fracking because of the serious risks it poses to public health. Fracking has already been suspended in Wales and Scotland because of health and climate risks and New York State has banned fracking because of the ‘significant health risks’.”
The report highlights the limitations of Public Health England’s report on fracking, including the fact that it was narrow in scope and failed to critically assess the adequacy and reliability of the regulatory system.
Working with various experts in energy policy and climate change, Medact’s report also describes how shale gas produces a level of GHG emissions that is incompatible with the UK’s commitments to address climate change.
Dr Patrick Saunders, a co-author of the report said:
“Climate change is the biggest long-term threat to global public health. Suspending fracking now will also allow time for the independent UK Committee on Climate Change to complete its next assessment of the climate change risks.”
A copy of the Medact report is available here: http://www.medact.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/medact_fracking-report_WEB3.pdf
The British Medical Journal letter can be found here http://www.bmj.com/content/348/bmj.g2728/rr . The letter states that:
“The arguments against fracking on public health and ecological grounds are overwhelming. There are clear grounds for adopting the precautionary principle and prohibiting fracking.”